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Another reason I teach styles is to point out that, while each style has its own pluses and minuses, no team would work if comprised of only one style. The best teams are comprised of a good mix.
I'm old fashioned so the personality typing I use comes from Hippocrates who divides the world into those whose temperaments are dominated by the excess of the four body fluids: Blood, Black Bile, Yellow Bile and Phlegm.
|Schematic showing the 4 humors or body fluids. Schematic based on a picture from the book "The Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World by Brian M. Fagan"|
I usually finish out the presentation, after my students know enough about the personality types to recognize them, by asking if any one type is dominant in leaders. I use US presidents as an example. Are US presidents more likely to be Introverted or Extroverted, People or Task Oriented. The answer is typically 'No.' This was pointed out in a recent NY Times article comparing the styles of Bush, Clinton and Obama.
I'm going to use my own non-scientific method to type the last few presidents. Let me know if you agree.
Type Example Presidents
Extroverted/People Oriented (Blood) W. Bush, Clinton, Reagan
Extroverted/Task Oriented (Yellow Bile) Obama, Johnson
Introverted/Task Oriented (Black Bile) H. Bush, Nixon
Introverted/People Oriented (Phlegm) Carter, Ford